What We Have Learned Recently About Country-Level Measures of Media Freedom


Lee B. Becker and Tudor Vlad


Both the Freedom House and the Reporters without Borders measures of press freedom come from the world of media advocacy. Freedom House, a non-governmental organization based in Washington, D.C., was founded in 1941 to promote democracy globally. Since 1978, Freedom House has published its global survey of freedom, known as Freedom in the World. Reporters without Borders, based in Paris, defends journalists and media outlets by condemning attacks on press freedom worldwide, by publishing a variety of annual and special reports on media freedom, and by appealing to governments and international organizations on behalf of journalists and media organizations. Since 2002, the organization has released annually a Worldwide Press Freedom report and ranking of individual nations.

Full copyrighted text available here.