Validating Elite Assessment of Characteristics of Media Systems with Public Opinion Data


Lee B. Becker, Cynthia English and Tudor Vlad


The measures of press freedom of nations widely used in the academic literature and by advocates for developmental assistance are based on the assessments of professional experts or evaluators. These evaluators assess characteristics of the media systems, such as whether the media in a country are able to operate independently of government and whether they actually do operate in service of the democratic goals of societies.

Full copyrighted text available here.